This, the 4th largest producing region is in fact the youngest of all French wine regions, composed of the 2 sub-regions of Languedoc and Roussillon. It stretches from the city of Nîmes on the Rhone river estuary to the Spanish border in the west. As recent as 20-30 years ago it was producing barely drinkable ordinary wines for local consumption(even today with the upgrading to AOC status of many regions Languedoc still produces the largest quantity of Vins de Pays. Now it is probably the most dynamic of all French wine regions. Why? It is because it has been allowed to become the laboratory of new ways to making interesting wines as a response to the challenge of New World wines. There is a variety of wine produced covering the whole gamut from red to white, from dry to sweet. There is also a wide variety of grapes allowed from the indigenous Mediterranean grapes of Grenache, Carignon, Cinsault, etc. to those transplanted from further north such as Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Viognier. Befitting the hot Mediterranean climate the wines are rich and full of spicy, fruity aroma. Whether the wines are from the many co-operatives or from independent wineries the one thing in common is great value drinking.
This is the larger of the 2 sub-regions stretching from Nîmes to Carcassonne. Most wines are red especially in the AOC areas. Some white Chardonnay and Viognier wines are produced but under the grade of Vins de Pays. The better appellations are Costiéres de Nimes, Coteaux du Languedoc, Faugéres, St-Chinian, Fitou, Corbiéres and Minervois.
Although it is called by its own name it is but a continuation of Languedoc. The centre is the city of Perpignan. The wines are mostly red and rosé under AOC Côte-du-Roussillon with a hefty proportion of fortified sweet wines (vins doux naturels) under production.
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